|Under the patronage of H.H. the Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani, H.E.
the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassem bin Jabor al Thani opened this evening the
Qatar Law Forum, at the Ritz Carlton Hotel.
Under the patronage of H.H. the Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani,
H.E. the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassem bin Jabor al Thani opened this evening
the Qatar Law Forum, at the Ritz Carlton Hotel.
The three-day Forum is being held under the banner "A global
Commitment to the Rule of Law".
H.E. the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin
Jabor al Thani delivered a speech at the opening session of the Forum in which he underlined that the vision of
democracy in Qatar was defined by the policies of H.H. the Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani since in he
took power in 1995. The gist of these policies is that the ideal means to realizing peace, security, justice
and comprehensive development is building of democracy without overlooking the cultural particularities in our
own society, H.E. the Premier and Foreign Minister said.
Rule of law is the foundation of governance in
H.E. the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jabor al Thani added: We
have embarked on this approach from a realistic foundation by a persistent effort to build the State of
institutions , human rights and effective popular participation in management and governance in accordance with
the principles of transparency and accountability which involves the opinion of the majority people based on
the national Constitution which was endorsed by the Qataris' vote and enforced in 2005.
H.E. the Premier
and Foreign Minister underlined that the Constitution stipulates clearly that the rule of law is the foundation
of governance in the State and adopts a host of principles to achieve this goal among which is the separation
between authorities and observance of the Constitution s provisions and ensuring equality among people and
protecting their rights and freedoms.
For this reason we have embarked upon a process of ongoing review of
present legislation on the basis of the Constitution in order to modernize and harmonize it with the
requirements of sustainable development and progress to the level of advancement that we seek for our country
in various spheres of life, H.E. the Premier and Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jabor al Thani
underlined. He added: We do not rule out the possibility of needing to redress the drawbacks in the
legislation, which arose as a result of development in the legal field. We therefore look forward to what
should be taken in this regard, and that is what we hope from the discussions and opinion of the participants
in this forum, H.E. Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jabor al Thani said.
Individual freedom stops at the
limit of the duties imposed by law
H.E. the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister underlined that the work of
law is to organize the social life on the basis of upholding Man's freedoms and defining his duties and this
role, he said, must be based on the foundation of freedom and equality in a way that reconciles the individual
freedoms with duties that achieve the common good of the society. In other words, individual freedom stops at
the limit of the duties imposed by law to ensure the rights of the individuals, H.E. the Premier and Foreign
Minister said adding the ultimate goal, of course, is to ensure peaceful existence in the human society, which
is the basis of the social system and its withdrawal to survive and develop. He stressed: This is the sublime
goal of the law that can not be realized without the rule of the law.
H.E. the Prime Minister and Foreign
Minister noted that the concept of the rule of law is one of the national Constitution s principles; and hence,
it is not possible for the public authorities in a particular country to exercise their authority except by
virtue of written laws promulgated in accordance with constitutional procedures that conform with Constitution
with a view to realizing the principles of protection against arbitrary rules in individual cases.
concept is clearly manifest in democratic rule which adopts human development on the basis of good governance
in which political, economic and administrative authorities are exercised at all levels including the private
sector and civil society, as the State alone is incapable of building the democratic and just society in which
ruling by transparency, accountability, efficiency and justice is materialized, H.E. the Premier and Foreign
H.E. the Premier and Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jabor al Thani also
touched on the global commitment to rule of law, an overall theme of the topics of the agenda of this forum by
saying: Needless to say, the consolidation of the rule of law principle at the national level is not
sufficient unless adopted at the international level since no country lives in isolation from other countries,
therefore, there is a necessity to organize international relations in a way that upholds rights and imposes
duties on the basis of the rule of law, H.E. the Premier said. He noted that it no secret that the United
Nations ahs been considering this issue for years as item on the agenda of the General Assembly through its
sixth Legal Committee.
Rule of law and democracy are intertwined
H.E. the Premier and Foreign
Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassem bin Jabor al Thani added that the rule of law at the international level has
been a goal that pre-dates the establishment of the United Nations, but just like the rule of law at the
national level the pursuit to realize it should be persistent. In this endeavor, efforts should be focused on
common accepted values on the basis of commitments stipulated in the UN charter and the international law in
general which should be respected as two indispensible pillars for a more peaceful , prosperous and just world,
H.E. Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jabor al Thani said: We should acknowledge that peace ,
security , development, human rights , rule of law and democracy are intertwined and reinforce each other and
that they are global values which constitute an indivisible whole. He added: Thus, it is illogical to call for
the establishment of these goals at the national level and bypass them at the international level.
question now is: how does this apply to the world from perspective of the rule of law? , H.E. the Premier
enquired, but he went to say that it is a recognized fact that we live in one world within the framework of a
world order established following Second World War represented by the United Nations and its charter and its
specialized affiliated agencies in addition to several regional organizations established within this
framework. H.E. the Premier and Foreign Minister underlined that the evident goal of all this is to organize
international affairs on the basis of recognized goals and principles that realize common good that ensues from
interdependence of the members of the international community in their joint life. It's axiomatic that
interests are a reflection of individual or collective visions, regarding securing the needs of human life that
subject to continuous evolution and consequently, reality constantly poses new challenges that require
confrontation in order to achieve common interest, H.E. the Premier and Foreign Minister noted.
the Premier and Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassem bin Jabor al Thani said that the world is facing
common challenges in several domains among which are economy , finance, environment , technology in addition to
political domain related to international peace and security, stressing that its generally that handling of
these challenges require examining the organizational framework of the currently dominant global system due to
the emergence of the two important elements which are: First: fundamental changes that have occurred in the
structural composition of the international community and the emergence of new poles or polar groups.
Second: diversity in the current and future needs that should be provided in order to avoid the treats
resulting from their lacking, he said.
New governance system is needed to redress the failure of the
present world order
H.E. the Premier and Foreign Minister added that likewise, the threat and problems that
we face in this century do not recognize national borders of countries, and if our reality embodied by
globalization emphasizes more than ever state of interdependence, then we should recognize that confronting the
problems and challenges of the era can never be based on the logic of force and authoritarianism whether by
military force or otherwise, he added saying that: We should realize that world has changed and it is no
longer a world in which only the West interacts; rather, there are other effective elements from Asia, Africa,
and Latin America that led to the enforcement of interdependence and expansion of the international social
texture among nations.
H.E. Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jabor al Thani said: It is no secret that the
global economic and financial crisis has imposed on us a lesson that we should learn that we need a new
governance system to redress the failure of the present world order on the basis of a set of principles,
organizations processes that help the world tackling the problems that generate results and effects that go
beyond the borders of one country or one group of people or one scope of human activities, in other words, we
need a modernized approach to organize the interdependence in such a way that realizes common good on the basis
of rules and criteria that define rights and responsibilities commensurate with capacities, H.E. the Premier
and Foreign Minister said.
Human catastrophes inflicted on states and nations
H.E. the Premier and
Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jabor al Thani further said: It was proved that in the
contemporary financial crisis that the biggest owners of the financial and economic power were the first
victims before damage befell others. Even in armed conflicts, the victorious often suffer from grave post-
conflict damages and undergo innumerable problems in human life fields, he said adding that this logic applies
also to all world problems and consequently it is necessary to adopt a steady political will that works for the
benefit of all and this political will should established on the foundation of the force of law.
Premier and Foreign Minister said: I believe that you are aware that the human catastrophes inflicted on states
and nations, in the past and present, were caused by negligence of committing to the rule of law in accordance
with UN charter and international law.
H.E. the Premier and Foreign Minister pointed out to the initiative
that launched by Qatar together with the Swiss Federation and Singapore that includes a programme for
international research encompassing all the effective parties as of countries and civil society organizations
and business sector in order to stimulate efforts and collect ideas and proposals and visions regarding
defining the necessary reforms and amendments, news bodies, rules and regulations.
Qatar has taken the
responsibility of sponsoring the efforts of this international open-membership group and it is pleasure to see
the themes of the Forum's agenda include a wide range of question within aforementioned domains, H.E. the
Premier concluded by saying: We are looking forward eagerly to the outcomes of the discussions and visions of
this high level of law and judiciary experts.(QNA)